Elshibaev, S. K.: Interrelations of the Southern Kazakhs with the Khanate of Kokand from the Middle of the 18th till the Beginning of the 19th Century

Elshibaev, S. K.

Interrelations of the Southern Kazakhs with the Khanate of Kokand
from the Middle of the 18th till the Beginning of the 19th Century

Elshibaev, S. K.
University “Syrdariya”
Auezov street 11, 160500 Zhetysai, Kazakhstan

Abstract

At the beginning of the 18th century Tashkent became an “apple of discord” between the khans of the Dzungar and the Kazakh khanates. During the third decade of the 18th century Abdurrahim, the ruler of the Fergana valley, made an attempt to seize Tashkent that then had been ruled by Kazakh khans and beys of the Senior Horde. Zholbarys khan – whose residence had been located in Tashkent – was compelled to assign Abdurrahim part of his territory that was an integral part of the Tashkent region.
In the first quarter of the 18th century the Dzungars made an unexpected raid on the split Kazakh and Central Asian khanates that were not able to jointly repulse this invasion. In 1723, a detachment of Dzungars attacked deep into territory controlled by the Kazakhs and captured the cities of Sayram, Turkistan, and Tashkent.
The Khanate of Kokand was proclaimed in 1709 when its emir declared independence from the Khanate of Bukhara, thus establishing a state in the eastern part of the Fergana Valley. A citadel was built in the small town of Kokand that became its capital. Narbuta Bey (reigned 1764–1801) Alim Khan (reigned 1810–1810) invaded on many occasions South Kazakhstan and so expanded the territory of the Khanate of Kokand…

Keywords: History of Kazakhstan, Kazakh khanate, Khanate of Kokand, Dzungar Khanate, Fergana Valley

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